The hacker ethics were chronicled by Steven Levy in Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution (hackers-heroes-of-the-computer-revolution) and in other texts in which Levy formulates and summarizes general hacker attitudes:
- Access to computers-and anything that might teach you something about the way the world works-should be unlimited and total.
- All information should be free.
- Hackers should be judged by their hacking, not bogus criteria such as degrees, age, race, or position.
- You can create art and beauty on a computer.
- Computers can change your life for the better.